Minors: Biology, Environmental Studies, Microbiology


Requirements for a Minor in Biology

A minimum of five units in biology, including BI 213 and at least two additional courses at the 200-level or higher.

Majors other than in microbiology may count one course in microbiology as part of the minor.

A laboratory section must be taken as part of any course for which a laboratory section is offered.

Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

Students intending to minor in biology should seek the advice of a member of the biology faculty in selecting the elective courses, since there are numerous paths to the various career goals in biology.

You may not minor in biology or psychology if you have declared a biopsychology major.

Environmental Studies

Environmental issues are arguably among the most pressing facing humanity.  The interdisciplinary minor in environmental studies will encourage students to investigate the nature and causes of environmental problems and to consider solutions to those problems.  Any study of the environment requires that many sides of the issue are considered.  Environmental studies is by its very nature interdisciplinary.  Courses in the minor address the biological, physical, and social aspects of ecology and environment.  All of the courses taught emphasize the interconnection of the various facets of life that comprise ecosystems.

The minor is administered by the Department of Biological Sciences and receives managerial oversight from an interdisciplinary committee of faculty members.

Requirements for a Minor in Environmental Studies

      • A minimum of 6 units with the following distribution:
      • Biology 110 (Environmental Biology) is required for all students in the minor.
      • At least one course must come from each of three groups (life sciences, physical sciences, social sciences) listed below.  A maximum of three courses may be chosen from one group. (Note: History 237 does not meet this requirement.)
      • At least two courses must include a laboratory component.  (Note:  Psychology 305 meets this requirement although it does not contain a separate laboratory component.)

Courses Which May be Used to Fulfill the Minor in Environmental Studies

Life Sciences

Biology 110 (Environmental Biology, with lab) - REQUIRED
Biology 215 (Biodiversity and Ecology, with lab)
Biology 326 (Environmental Issues)
Biology 335 (Natural History of the Mid-Atlantic States, with field-based lab)
Biology 413 (Marine Ecology)
Biology 492 (Ecological and Evolutionary Theory, with lab)
Microbiology 512 (Applied, Food, and Industrial Microbiology, with lab)
Microbiology 523 (Microbial Ecology, with lab)

Physical Sciences

Chemistry 101 (Chemistry in the Environment and Society)
Chemistry 214 (Quantitative Analysis, with lab)
Chemistry 511 (Instrumental Analysis, with lab)
Chemistry 512 (Environmental Analysis, with lab)
Chemistry 540 (Environmental Pollution and Health - EYH course in Bangladesh)
Physical Science 105 (Geology)
Physical Science 106 (Meteorology)

Social Sciences

Anthropology 106 (I) (Cultural Geography)
Anthropology 206 (I) (People in the Environment)
Anthropology 234 (I) (Land of the Inca: Peru Past and Present)
Anthropology 235 (D) (North American Archaeology: The Pre-history of Native Americans)
Anthropology 238 (I) (Pre-Inca Cultures of the Ancient Andes)
Anthropology 240 (I) (The Raw and the Cooked: Anthropological Perspectives on Food)
Anthropology 306 Methods in GIS and Geomatics (TC)
Anthropology 325 (I) (Culture, Power and Place)
Economics 305 (International Trade)
Economics 306 (Economics of the Environment)
Economics 412 (I) (Economic Development: The Third World)
Psychology 305 (Experimental Psychology: Environment, fulfills one lab requirement)
Sociology 103 (D) (American Society and its Social Problems)
Sociology 302 (The Urbanized Society)


History 237 (I) (Environment: History, Society and Change in the Modern World)
History 291 (Special Topics: Environmental History of New York City)

Note: this list is not complete. Additional courses, such as appropriate Special Topics courses, are approved on a semester-by-semester basis.



Requirements for a Minor in Microbiology

A minimum of five units at the 200-level or higher in Microbiology. MI 200 is required and MI 314 and 512 are strongly recommended.  A laboratory section must be taken as part of any course for which a laboratory section is offered.

Courses in Microbiology