Courses

PA 411E Medical Sciences I. Zero units.
The purpose of this course is to integrate the principles of clinical anatomy and medical physiology into the study of medicine. Instruction is provided regarding human anatomical structures and their intercommunication and relevance to the various systems. Physiologic principles, concepts, and formulas are related to the changes of disease processes. The course outline is reflective of the systems of the human body, and the content serves as the foundation for an understanding of the effects of disease and disease prevention.

PA 411 Medical Sciences I. One unit.
This course is identical to that described for 411E but counts as one undergraduate unit towards the BS/MS degrees.

PA 412 Medical Sciences II. One unit.
This course provides an in-depth understanding of disease states through the integration of principles of pathophysiology and human genetics. These principles are presented with an emphasis on developing an understanding of disease processes. Case studies are incorporated to emphasize the clinical relevance of medical science. Pathologic findings are emphasized for their clinical relevance. Discussions focus on characteristic or pathognomonic findings as well as findings that direct work-up, therapy, or follow-up.

PA 416 Clinical Prep Science I. One unit.
The purpose of this course is to promote the skills of clinical assessment and diagnosis. The knowledge gained in the medical sciences is utilized to promote the assessment of clinical scenarios. The student develops interview skills, examination techniques, and integrates knowledge of various disciplines to construct differential diagnosis. The student learns appropriate clinical work-up; learning when to order tests, to interpret radiologic and other test results and to correlate findings to clinical management.

PA 417 Primary Care and Pharmacotherapeutics I. One unit.
The purpose of this course is to serve as an introduction to clinical medicine, focusing on the commonly encountered problems in primary care and family medicine. The student reviews disease processes from a clinical perspective and learns to approach the evaluation of the patient in a comprehensive manner. Through lectures and discussions, the student formulates a knowledge base of signs and symptoms, etiologies, and management options. Drug therapies are reviewed by classes and in relation to their applicability to systems. Information is provided regarding indications, mechanisms of action, contraindications, and adverse effects. The knowledge gained is enhanced through case studies and clinical skill sessions and is integrated into the practice of primary care medicine.

PA 418 PA Professional Practice. One unit.
The purpose of this course is to develop in the student the ability to integrate the various facets of interprofessional practice. The course will introduce the student to the patient-centered medical team, integrating the principles of professionalism and medical ethics. The course will provide an understanding of the psychological factors affecting human development and their impact on clinical issues such as response to chronic illness, injury & stress; dying & loss; human sexuality and the emotional issues of daily living. The student will be introduced to the history of the profession leading to discussions about medical licensing and credentialing. Current practice issues such as quality improvement, billing and coding, and risk management will also be discussed. Focus is placed on the development of critical thinking and clinical skills required for professional practice. Clinical relevance is enhanced during the development of, and participation in, health related civic engagement and community outreach events.

PA 421 Emergency and Surgical Medicine. One unit.
The purpose of this course is to provide students with instruction regarding recognition and management of the surgical patient and rapid and efficient management of the trauma or emergent patient. Review of surgical cases includes the breakdown of disease states by presentation, history, physical examination,  work-up, intervention, and post-surgical management. Students learn to design personal method; of rapid assessment and management for critical patients in the emergency department and surgical setting.

PA 422 General Medicine. One unit.
The purpose of this course is to provide the PA with a broad-based fund of knowledge of general medicine. The course encompasses an overview of internal medicine and its various subtopics with the course outline reflective of a systems overview. Its intent is to enable the student to transition from the acquisition of didactic scientific knowledge to its incorporation into the clinical setting.

PA 423 Maternal and Child Health. One unit.
This course familiarizes the student with conditions specific to maternal-child medicine. Lectures and case studies are provided on the diagnostic, therapeutic, and counseling techniques aimed at managing sensitive issues in both the obstetrical and gynecological patients and familiarizing students with conditions specific to pediatric patients. Students recognize the need to counsel both parent and child, and to integrate special techniques, including monitoring confidentiality and anticipatory guidance.

PA 424 Primary Care and Pharmacotherapeutics II. One unit.
The purpose of this course is to focus on the commonly encountered problems in primary care medicine and family medicine. The PA student reviews disease processes from a clinical perspective and learns to approach the evaluation of the patient in a comprehensive manner. Through lectures and discussion, the student formulates a knowledge base of signs and symptoms, etiologies and management options. Drug therapies are reviewed by classes and in relation to their applicability to major systems, with information provided regarding indications, mechanisms of actions, contraindications, and adverse events.

PA 451 Clinical Practice in Internal Medicine. One unit.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to internal medicine.  Clinical interactions take place in inpatient hospital settings.  The supervised clinical practice experiences are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various medical areas; emphasizing the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services.  This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in internal medicine.

PA 452 Clinical Practice in Primary Care & Family Medicine. One unit.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to Primary Care and Family Medicine. Clinical interactions take place  in outpatient ambulatory settings. The supervised clinical practice experiences are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various medical areas; emphasizing the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in  primary care and family medicine.

PA 454 Clinical Practice in Surgery, General Practice. One unit
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to General Surgery.  Clinical interactions take place in the inpatient hospital setting.  The supervised clinical practice experiences are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in the surgical areas; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in surgery in a general practice environment.

PA 436 Clinical Practice in Pediatrics, General Practice. One unit
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to the general practice of Pediatrics.  Clinical interactions take place in outpatient ambulatory and inpatient settings. The supervised clinical practice experiences are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various medical areas; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in pediatrics in a general pediatric practice environment.

PA 441 Clinical Practice in Women’s Health. One unit.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to Women's Health. Clinical interactions take place in outpatient and inpatient hospital  settings. The supervised clinical practice experiences are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in women's health; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. The clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the field of women’s health.

PA 442 Clinical Practice in Psychiatry/Behavioral Medicine. One unit.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to Psychiatry/Behavioral Health.  Clinical interactions take place in outpatient and inpatient hospital settings. The supervised clinical practice experiences are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various medical areas; emphasizing the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. The clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the field of psychiatry and behavioral medicine.

PA 462 Clinical Practice in Primary Care and Community Health. One unit.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to Primary Care & Community Health.  Clinical interactions take place in community health related settings. The supervised clinical practice experiences are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various medical areas; emphasizing the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. The clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the field of primary care, in a community health setting. Clinical relevance is enhanced during the development of and participation in health related civic engagement and community outreach events.

PA 463 Clinical Practice in Primary Care and Adolescent Medicine. One unit.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to Primary Care and Adolescent Medicine.  Clinical interactions take place in outpatient ambulatory and community health settings.  The supervised clinical practice experiences are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in primary care and adolescent medicine; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. The clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the field of primary care with emphasis on adolescent medicine.

PA 501 The Art and Practice of Health Education. One unit or three graduate credits.
This course introduces the healthcare practitioner to the philosophies of health education. It identifies the key elements needed to construct an effective healthcare curriculum or patient education program and provides the foundation for developing teaching approaches and evaluative tools. Each student is guided through the design of a community health educational program for practitioners or patients reflective of that student’s interest or healthcare practice. Clinical relevance is optimized through experiential learning during the development of and participation in patient education events.

PA 502 The Challenges of Medical Ethics. One unit or three graduate credits

This course provides a forum for the exploration of ethical dilemmas encountered in medical practice.  Historical medical case scenarios and current ethical guidelines are reviewed.  The opportunity is provided to address ethical dilemmas in relation to cultural beliefs, socioeconomic factors and medical legal issues.

PA 503 Leadership Development and Professionalism. One unit or three graduate credits.
This course explores the opportunities for leadership in the healthcare delivery system. The course reviews the legal foundation of the PA's scope of practice, legislative agenda for the PA profession, professional practice opportunities, performance improvement principles, and the administrative systems providing the framework for the modern healthcare delivery system. The most current issues in health care, such as patient safety, form a foundation for analyzing the successes and failures of the healthcare delivery model. An interactive approach to exploring the material is supplemented by guest lecturers from the field and peer-reviewed journal research.

PA 504 Medical Literature Review and Analysis. One unit or three graduate credits.
This course provides the PA with the skills for effective review and analysis of the expanse of medical literature. Students presented with various research problems are taught to analyze applicability, appropriately select corresponding literature, and develop a systematic critique of the findings. Statistical methods are introduced and the ability to analyze data and draw inferences is developed. The selection of the medical literature for review and analysis is reflective of each student’s area of interest for future research. Experiential learning is emphasized through the designing of a research study.

PA 514E Advanced Health Assessment. Zero undergraduate units.
The purpose of this course is to develop and enhance clinical judgment and assessment skills for patient populations across the life span. The intent is for the student to improve his/her decision-making ability in the clinical setting and develop appropriate management protocols. Problem solving sessions are utilized for the assessment of clinical case scenarios. Diagnoses are discussed within the framework of preventive medicine, epidemiology, and subsequent improvements in the delivery of clinical medicine. Clinical relevance is enhanced during the development of and participation in community outreach events.

PA 514 Advanced Health Assessment. One unit.
This course is identical to that described for PA 514E but counts as one undergraduate unit towards the BS/MS degrees.

PA 532 Clinical Practice in Advanced Medicine. Three graduate credits.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to advanced practice of internal medicine.  Clinical interactions take place in the inpatient hospital setting on the internal medicine floor and the intensive care units. The supervised clinical practice experience is an intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experience in various internal medicine areas; emphasis on the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the sub-specialties and acute care of internal medicine.

PA 534 Clinical Practice in Medicine and Long Term Care. Three graduate credits.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to Medicine and Long Term Care.  Clinical interactions take place in medical/long term care facilities. The supervised clinical practice experience is an intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various medical areas: emphasizing the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in medicine and long term care with emphasis on the team work of the interdisciplinary health care team.

PA 535 Clinical Practice in Emergency Medicine, Urgent Care. Three graduate credits.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to emergency medicine, urgent care.  Clinical interactions take place in the outpatient emergency room setting. The supervised clinical practice experience is an intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experience in various emergency medicine settings; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the field of emergency medicine, focusing on the urgent care of non-life, threatening conditions.

PA 536 Clinical Practice in Emergency Medicine, Main Emergency Department. Three graduate credits.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to emergency medicine-main emergency department.  Clinical interactions take place in the  emergency department of a hospital. The supervised clinical practice experience is an intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences involving various emergency clinical scenarios, emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the field of emergency medicine and the care of acute and life threatening conditions.

PA 540 Clinical Practice in Pediatrics, Advanced Practice. Three graduate credits.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to the advanced practice of pediatrics.  Clinical interactions take place in the inpatient hospital setting on the pediatric floor, pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and/or the children emergency center (CEC). The supervised clinical practice experience is an intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in pediatrics areas; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in pediatrics in an advanced practice environment.

PA 542 Clinical Practice in Simulated Interactive Medicine. Three graduate credits.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to clinical learning in a simulated interactive medical setting.  Clinical interactions take place in a simulation lab setting at the program site. The supervised clinical  practice experience is an intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experience in clinical medicine; emphasizing the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and critical thinking.  This experience is dedicated to simulated practice in non-emergency and emergent medical cases.  During this experience students work on cases from inpatient and outpatient clinical settings with patients across the life span presenting with a variety of medical conditions.  The focus is on critical thinking, the development of appropriate differential diagnosis and the implementation of medical treatments.

PA 544 Clinical Practice in Surgery, Advanced Practice. Three graduate credits.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to the advanced practice of surgery. Clinical interactions take place in the operating room (OR), surgical floor, and/or the surgical intensive care unit (SICU).  The supervised clinical practice experience is an intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experience in the surgical subspecialties, emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the surgical subspecialties and advanced surgical practice.

PA 613E Critical Thinking in Medicine I.  Zero graduate credits.
The purpose of this course is to review and expand upon the PA's knowledge of disease pathology and therapeutic interventions. The emphasis is on critical thinking and its applicability to the identification of the pathogenesis of disease processes; development of algorithms and flow charts; and the review of evidence-based medicine. Through critical analysis, the student develops appropriate management plans, based on the needs of specific individuals and communities.

PA 613 Critical Thinking in Medicine I.  Three graduate credits.
This course is identical to that described for PA 613E but counts for three graduate credits towards the MS degrees.

PA 614 Critical Thinking in Medicine II.  Three graduate credits.
The purpose of this course is to review and expand upon the PA's knowledge of disease pathology and therapeutic intervention. The emphasis is on critical thinking and its applicability to the identification of the pathogenesis of disease processes and the development of algorithms and flow charts and the review of evidence based medicine. Through critical analysis, the student develops appropriate management plans, based on the needs of specific individuals and communities.  This course serves as a summative overview of clinical knowledge in preparation for advanced clinical practice.

PA 631 Clerkship I: Developing Community Health. Three graduate credits.
The focus of this clerkship is to precept PA students in their transition towards becoming professional health care providers. Each student identifies a component or area of health care interest that impacts the community and affords exposure to specific clinical experiences determined during the pre-clerkship advisement sessions. Through clinical involvement, the student learns to discern specific health needs and is guided through the development of a medically related health project and the acquisition of the medical knowledge and skills reflective of the assessment needs. Clinical relevance is enhanced during the development of and participation in health related civic engagement and community outreach events.

PA 644 Clerkship II: Advanced Procedures and Skills. Three graduate credits.
The focus of this clerkship is to precept PA students through the acquisition of advanced skills for clinical practice in primary care or a specialty area of interest. The student is provided with an opportunity for an in-depth analysis of clinical practice in his/her specific area of interest. Skills development focuses on the areas identified during the pre-clerkship advisement session. The student learns through the development of a clinical project reflective of the unique characteristics of the clerkship.

PA 652 Healthcare Management Theory and Evaluation Three graduate credits.
This course introduces the student to the principles of leadership and management theories in relation to health care practice. Evaluation of theories is based on clinical case studies, discussions of readings and review of the medical literature. Experiential learning is emphasized through development of clinical interview skills; and assessment of scenarios in healthcare settings; and incorporation of leadership skills, professional behaviors and clinical knowledge.

PA 691 Special Topics in Health Care. Three graduate credits.
Weekly lectures.  Discussion and analysis of problems in healthcare which are not covered in regular coursework.  The specific content of the course will remain flexible in response to student and departmental interest.

PA 693 Independent Study. Three graduate credits.
Course designed for independent, advanced-level study on a topic of the student's own choosing after advisement by a departmental faculty.

PA 791 Research Design. Three graduate credits.
The purpose of this course is to establish the groundwork for a research thesis. The student is provided the opportunity to construct a research project beginning with the framing of the research problem and hypothesis, and progressing to design selection and data analysis. The course offers students the knowledge and skills needed for instrument design and development. Seminar sessions are dedicated to the scoring and interpretation of the data from the individual measurement tools. All proposals require approval by either a hospital Internal Review Board (IRB) or college Human Experimental Review Board (HERB) prior to implementation.

PA 798 Thesis. Three graduate credits.
The focus of this course is the implementation of the research design proposed in PA 791. The parameters of the scientific process are utilized to investigate health-related research problems. Each student is guided through a research project. Seminar and individual conferences are dedicated to the analysis and evaluation of data. The thesis is developed and the thesis defense occurs at the Annual Research Forum.