Courses

PA 411E Basic Medical Sciences I. Zero units.
The purpose of this course is to integrate the principles of clinical anatomy and medical physiology into the study of medicine. Instruction is provided regarding human anatomical structures and their intercommunication and relevance to the various systems. Physiologic principles, concepts, and formulas are related to the changes of disease processes. The course outline is reflective of the systems of the human body, and the content serves as the foundation for an understanding of the effects of disease and disease prevention.

PA 411 Basic Medical Sciences I. One unit.
This course is identical to that described for 411E but counts as one undergraduate unit towards the BS/MS degrees.

PA 412 Basic Medical Sciences II. One unit.
This course provides an in-depth understanding of disease states through the integration of principles of pathophysiology and human genetics. These principles are presented with an emphasis on developing an understanding of disease processes. Genetic principles are discussed with emphasis on their applicability to the practice of medicine. Pathologic findings are emphasized for their clinical relevance. Discussions focus on characteristic or pathognomonic findings as well as findings that direct work-up, therapy, or follow-up. Students are introduced to the clinical environment in a supervised setting, present their findings in a classroom setting allowing for integration of scientific principles to an understanding of observed clinical scenarios.

PA 416 Clinical Prep Science I. One unit.
The purpose of this course is to promote the skills of clinical assessment and diagnosis. The knowledge gained in the medical sciences is utilized to promote the assessment of clinical scenarios. The student develops interview skills, examination techniques, and integrates knowledge of various disciplines to construct differential diagnosis. The student learns appropriate clinical work-up; learning when to order tests, to interpret radiologic and other test results and to correlate findings to clinical management.

PA 417 Primary Care and Pharmacotherapeutics I. One unit.
The purpose of this course is to serve as an introduction to clinical medicine, focusing on the commonly encountered problems in the primary care or family medicine setting. The student reviews disease processes from a clinical perspective and learns to approach the evaluation of the patient in a comprehensive manner. Through lectures and discussions, the student formulates a knowledge base of signs and symptoms, etiologies, and management options. Drug therapies are reviewed by classes and in relation to their applicability to systems. Information is provided regarding indications, mechanisms of action, contraindications, and adverse effects. The knowledge gained is enhanced through case studies setting the foundation for the integration of knowledge into the practice of primary care medicine.

PA 418 PA Professional Practice. One unit.
The purpose of this course is to develop in the student the ability to integrate the various facets of professional practice. The course will introduce the student to the patient-centered medical team, integrating the principles of professionalism and medical ethics. The course will provide an understanding of the psychological factors affecting human development & their impact on clinical issues such as response to chronic illness, injury & stress; dying & loss; human sexuality and the emotional issues of daily living. The student will be introduced to the history of the profession leading to discussions about medical licensing and credentialing. Current practice issues such as quality improvement, risk management and public health will also be discussed. Focus is placed on the development of critical thinking and clinical skills required for professional practice.

PA 421 Emergency and Surgical Medicine. One unit.
The purpose of this course is to provide students with instruction regarding recognition and management of the surgical patient, as well as instruction regarding rapid and efficient management of the acute or emergent patient. Review of surgical cases includes breakdown of disease states by presentation, history, and physical examination pearls, work-up, surgical intervention, and post-surgical management. Discussion of emergency medicine cases focuses on the consideration of patient status in an effort to effectively triage emergent patients. Students learn to design a personal method of rapid assessment and management for the critical patient in the emergency department setting.

PA 422 General Medicine. One unit.
The purpose of this course is to provide the PA with a broad-based fund of knowledge of general medicine. The course encompasses an overview of internal medicine and its various subtopics; the course outline is reflective of the systemic overview. Disease entities are discussed from their pathophysiology mechanisms to the interpretation of the laboratory data utilized for diagnostic purposes to treatment options and preventative recommendations. Its intent is to enable the student to transition from the acquisition of didactic medical and scientific knowledge to its incorporation into the clinical setting.

PA 423 Maternal and Child Health. One unit.
This course familiarizes the student with conditions specific to women's health and pediatrics. Lectures and case studies are provided on the diagnostic, therapeutic, and counseling techniques aimed at managing the sensitive issues in both the obstetrical and gynecological patient, familiarizing the student with conditions specific to the pediatric patient. Students recognize the need to counsel both parent and child, and to integrate special techniques, including monitoring confidentiality.

PA 424 Primary Care and Pharmacotherapeutics II. One unit.
The purpose of this course is to focus on the commonly encountered problems in primary care medicine with emphasis on topics such as behavioral medicine and common dermatologic conditions, adolescent medicine, and the infectious diseases commonly encountered in the primary care or family medicine setting. The PA student reviews disease processes from a clinical perspective, learns to approach the evaluation of the patient in a comprehensive manner, and becomes familiar with the sensitive issues specific to each population. Through lectures and discussion, the student formulates a knowledge base of signs and symptoms, etiologies and management options. Drug therapies are reviewed by classes and in relation to their applicability to major systems, with information provided regarding indications, mechanisms of actions, contraindications, and adverse events.

PA 431 Clinical Practice in Internal Medicine. One unit.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of clinical medicine.  Clinical interactions take place in inpatient hospital settings.  Rotations are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various medical areas; emphasizing the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services.  This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in internal medicine.

PA 432 Clinical Practice in Primary Care & Family Medicine. One unit.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of clinical medicine.  Clinical interactions take place  in the outpatient ambulatory settings. Rotations are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various medical areas; emphasizing the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in  primary care and family medicine.

PA 434 Clinical Practice in Surgery, General Practice. One unit
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of clinical medicine.  Clinical interactions take place in the inpatient hospital setting.  Rotation are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in the surgical areas; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in surgery in a general practice environment.

PA 436 Clinical Practice in Pediatrics, General Practice. One unit
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of clinical medicine.  Clinical interactions take place in the outpatient ambulatory and inpatient settings. Rotations are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various medical areas; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in pediatrics in a general pediatric practice environment.

PA 441 Clinical Practice in Women’s Health. One unit.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of clinical medicine. Clinical interactions take place in the outpatient and inpatient hospital  settings. Rotations are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in women's health; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. The clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the field of women’s health.

PA 442 Clinical Practice in Psychiatry/Behavioral Medicine. One unit.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of clinical medicine.  Clinical interactions take place in the outpatient and inpatient hospital settings. Rotations are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various medical areas; emphasizing the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. The clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the field of psychiatry and behavioral medicine.

PA 443 Clinical Practice in Primary Care and Community Health. One unit.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of clinical medicine.  Clinical interactions take place in the community health related settings. Rotations are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various medical areas; emphasizing the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. The clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the field of primary care, in a community health setting.

PA 444 Clinical Practice in Primary Care and Adolescent Medicine. One unit.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of clinical medicine.  Clinical interactions take place in the outpatient ambulatory and community health settings.  Rotations are intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in primary care and adolescent medicine; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. The clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the field of primary care with emphasis on adolescent medicine.

PA 501 The Art and Practice of Health Education. Three graduate credits.
This course introduces the healthcare practitioner to the philosophies of health education. It identifies the key elements needed to construct an effective healthcare curriculum and provides the foundation for developing teaching approaches and evaluative tools. Each student is guided through the design of a community health educational program for practitioners or patients reflective of that student’s interest or healthcare practice. Clinical relevance is optimized through experiential learning during the development of and participation in patient education events.

PA 502 The Challenges of Medical Ethics. Three graduate credits.
This course provides a forum for the exploration of ethical dilemmas encountered in medical practice.  Historical medical case scenarios and current ethical guidelines are reviewed.  The opportunity is provided to address ethical dilemmas with respect to the dilemmas of cultural conflicts.

PA 503 Leadership Development and Professionalism. One unit or four graduate credits.
This course explores the opportunities for leadership in the healthcare delivery system. The course reviews the legal foundation of the PA's scope of practice, legislative agenda for the PA profession, professional practice opportunities, performance improvement principles, and the administrative systems providing the framework for the modern healthcare delivery system. The most current issues in health care, such as patient safety, form a foundation for analyzing the successes and failures of the healthcare delivery model. An interactive approach to exploring the material is supplemented by guest lecturers from the field and peer-reviewed journal research and critiques. Experiential learning is optimized by participation in research and the development of a quality improvement project.

PA 504 Medical Literature Review and Analysis. One unit or four graduate credits.
This course provides the PA with the skills for effective review and analysis of the expanse of medical literature. Students presented with various research problems are taught to analyze applicability, appropriately select corresponding literature, and develop a systematic critique of the findings. Statistical methods are introduced and the ability to analyze data and draw inferences is developed. The selection of the medical literature for review and analysis is reflective of each student’s area of interest for future research. Experiential learning is emphasized through the designing of a research study and culminates with a presentation of the proposal and research at the medical literature symposium event.

PA 514E Advanced Health Assessment. Zero undergraduate units.
The purpose of this course is to develop and enhance clinical judgment and assessment skills for patient populations across the life span. The intent is for the student to improve his/her decision-making ability in the clinical setting, develop appropriate management protocols and review the clinical skills to be utilized in clinical practice. Problem solving sessions are utilized for the assessment of clinical case scenarios. Diagnoses are discussed within the framework of preventive medicine, epidemiology, and subsequent improvements in the delivery of clinical medicine. Clinical relevance is enhanced during the development of and participation in community outreach events.

PA 514 Advanced Health Assessment. One unit or four graduate credits.
This course is identical to that described for PA 514E but counts one undergraduate unit or four graduate credits towards the BS/MS degrees.

PA 532 Clinical Practice in Advanced Medicine. Three graduate credits.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of clinical medicine.  Clinical interactions take place in the inpatient hospital setting on the internal medicine floor and the intensive care units. The rotation is an intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experience in various internal medicine areas; emphasis on the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the subspecialties and acute care of internal medicine.

PA 534 Clinical Practice in Medicine & Long Term Care. Three graduate credits.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of clinical medicine.  Clinical interactions take place in medical and long term care facilities. The rotation is an intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various medical areas: emphasizing the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in medicine and long term care with emphasis on the team work of the interdisciplinary health care team.

PA 535 Clinical Practice in Emergency Medicine, Urgent Care. Three graduate credits.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of emergency medicine, urgent care.  Clinical interactions take place in the outpatient emergency room setting. The rotation is an intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various emergency medicine settings; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the field of emergency medicine, focusing on the urgent care of non-life, threatening conditions, minor traumas, lacerations, and fractures.

PA 536 Clinical Practice in Emergency Medicine, Main Emergency Department. Three graduate credits.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of emergency medicine, main emergency department.  Clinical interactions take place in the  emergency room of a hospital. The rotation is an intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in various emergency medicine, urgent care areas; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the field of emergency medicine and the care of patients for acute and complications of chronic care and major traumas.

PA 540 Clinical Practice in Pediatrics, General Practice. Three graduate credits.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of clinical medicine.  Clinical interactions take place in the inpatient hospital setting on the pediatric floor, pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and/or the children emergency center (CEC). The rotation is an intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experiences in pediatrics areas; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in pediatrics in an advanced practice environment.

PA 542 Clinical Practice in Simulated Interactive Medicine. Three graduate credits.
This course is a clinical simulated experience dedicated to a simulated interactive medical experience.  Clinical interactions take place in a simulation lab setting at a hospital and program facility.  The rotation is an intensive, supervised, hands-on interactive learning experience in clinical medicine; emphasizing the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and critical thinking in the development of a differential diagnosis.  This experience is dedicated to simulated practice in non-emergency and emergent medical cases.  During this experience students work on cases from inpatient and outpatient clinical settings with patients across the life span presenting with a variation of medical conditions.  The focus is on critical thinking, the development of appropriate differential diagnosis and the implementation of medical treatments.

PA 544 Clinical Practice in Surgery, Advanced Practice. Three graduate credits.
This course is a supervised clinical experience dedicated to a specific area or discipline of surgical practice.  Clinical interactions take place in the operating room (OR).  The pre-op and post-op environments, the surgical floor and the surgical intensive care unit (SICU).  The rotation is an intensive, supervised, hands-on learning experience in the surgical areas; emphasizing  the provision of diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive, and health maintenance services. This clinical experience is dedicated to clinical practice in the surgical subspecialties and advanced surgical practice.

PA 613E Critical Thinking in Medicine I.  Zero graduate credits.
The purpose of this course is to review and expand upon the PA's knowledge of disease pathology and therapeutic intervention. The emphasis is on critical thinking and their applicability to the identification of the pathogenesis of disease processes and the development of algorithms, flow charts, and decision trees. Through critical analysis, the student develops appropriate management plans, based on the needs of specific individuals and communities. The focus of the case studies are on diseases related to the cardiovascular, endocrine, urinary and gastrointestinal systems.

PA 613 Critical Thinking in Medicine I.  Three graduate credits.
This course is identical to that described for PA 613E but counts for three graduate credits towards the MS degrees.

PA 614 Critical Thinking in Medicine II.  Three graduate credits.
The purpose of this course is to review and expand upon the PA's knowledge of disease pathology and therapeutic intervention. The emphasis is on critical thinking and their applicability to the identification of the pathogenesis of disease processes and the development of algorithms, flow charts, and decision trees. Through critical analysis, the student develops appropriate management plans, based on the needs of specific individuals and communities.  The focus of the case studies are on diseases related to the pulmonary, neurologic, renal, and musculoskeletal systems.

PA 631 Clerkship I: Developing Community Health. Three graduate credits.
The focus of this clerkship is to precept PA students in their transition towards becoming advanced mid-level providers of health care. Each student identifies a component or area of health care interest that impacts the community and affords a broad exposure of clinical experiences. Through clinical involvement, the student learns to discern specific health needs and is guided through the development of a medically related health project and the acquisition of the medical knowledge and skills reflective of the assessment needs.

PA 644 Clerkship II: Advanced Procedures and Skills. Three graduate credits.
The focus of this clerkship is to precept PA students through the acquisition of advanced skills for clinical practice in primary care or a specialty area of interest. The student is provided with an opportunity for an in-depth analysis of clinical practice in his/her specific area of interest. Skills development focuses on the areas identified during the pre-clerkship advisement session. The student learns through the development of a clinical project reflective of the unique characteristics of the clerkship.

PA 652 Healthcare Management Theory Practice. Three graduate credits.
This course introduces the student to the schools of thought of healthcare leadership and management theorists and practitioners in health care. Evaluation of theories are based on clinical case studies, discussions of readings and review of the medical literature. Experiential learning is emphasized through the development of clinical interview skills, and assessment of scenarios in healthcare settings. The course culminates with an interactive Clinical Practicum assessing the incorporation of leadership skills and professional behaviors with clinical knowledge.

PA 691 Special Topics in Health Care. Three graduate credits.
Weekly lectures.  Discussion and analysis of problems in healthcare which are not covered in regular coursework.  The specific content of the course will remain flexible in response to student and departmental interest.

PA 693 Independent Study. One to three graduate credits.
Course designed for independent, advanced-level study on a topic of the student's own choosing after advisement by a sponsoring departmental faculty.

PA 791 Research Design. Three graduate credits.
The purpose of this course is to establish the groundwork for a research thesis. The student is provided the opportunity to construct a research project beginning with the framing of the research problem and hypothesis, and progressing to design selection and data analysis. The course offers students the knowledge and skills needed for instrument design and development. Seminar sessions are dedicated to the scoring and interpretation of the data from the individual measurement tools. All proposals require the hospital’s Internal Review Board approval prior to implementation.

PA 798 Thesis. Three graduate credits.
The focus of this course is the implementation of the research design proposed in PA 791. The parameters of the scientific process are utilized to investigate health-related research problems. Each student is guided through his/her individual research project. Seminar and individual conferences are dedicated to the analysis and evaluation of data. The thesis is developed and is presented for oral defense during the research forum.